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Drawing Parabolas Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
I would like to use Omnigraffle for drawing physics diagrams. Is there a simple way to draw parabolas, hyperbolas, etc.?
 
Well, you can always use Applescript to plot any list of points,

(see code in subsequent post)

though it might be more efficient to import graphs from something like Mathematica ...

--

Last edited by RobTrew; 2011-11-10 at 03:37 AM.. Reason: Referred to subsequent code
 
FWIW an approach to plotting in OmniGraffle using the Korn shell functions and custom functions.



To quote from man ksh (Terminal.app):
Any of the following math library functions that are in the C math library can be used within an arithmetic expression:
abs acos acosh asin asinh atan atan2 atanh cbrt copysign cos cosh erf erfc exp exp2 expm1 fabs fdim finite floor fma fmax fmod hypot ilogb int isinf isnan lgamma log log2 logb nearbyint nextafter nextroward pow rint round sin sinh sqrt tan tanh tgamma trunc
Code:
-- Ver 0.8

-- Plots more complex Korn Shell expressions
-- Puts the data into the clipboard for pasting into OmniGraphSketcher etc
-- No longer chokes on Inf and NaN (infinities and non-numeric results)

property plstOrigin : {500, 500} -- Position of origin on the OG canvas
property pMargin : 75 -- Margin between axes and edge of canvas
property pPoints : 64 -- Number of plot points per curve

property plstRed : {65535, 0, 0}
property plstBlue : {0, 0, 65535}
property plstGray : {32767, 32767, 32767}

property pblnData2Clipboard : true


-- PLOTTING EXPRESSION DEFINED WITH KORN SHELL MATH LIBRARY FUNCTIONS
-- From the ksh Man Page:  In Terminal.app:  
--				man ksh
-- Any of the following math library functions that are in the C math library 
-- can be used within an arithmetic expression:
-- abs acos acosh asin asinh atan atan2 atanh cbrt copysign cos cosh erf erfc 
-- exp exp2 expm1 fabs fdim finite floor fma fmax fmod hypot ilogb int isinf 
-- isnan lgamma log log2 logb nearbyint nextafter nextroward pow rint round 
-- sin sinh sqrt tan tanh tgamma trunc

on run
	tell application id "OGfl"
		set recDataStyle to {line type:curved, draws stroke:true, thickness:2, draws shadow:true}
		set recDataStyle1 to recDataStyle & {stroke color:plstRed}
		set recDataStyle2 to recDataStyle & {stroke color:plstBlue}
		set recAxisStyle to {draws stroke:true, thickness:1, stroke color:plstGray}
		
		tell front canvas of front document
			set automatic layout of its layout info to false
			-- DRAW AXES
			set {rX, rY} to plstOrigin
			set {rX, rY} to {rX - pMargin, rY - pMargin}
			repeat with oAxis in {{{-rX, 0}, {rX, 0}}, {{0, -rY}, {0, rY}}}
				make new line with properties {point list:my MapList(oAxis, plstOrigin, {1, 1})} & recAxisStyle
			end repeat
			
			-- USE EXPRESSIONS IN THE SYNTAX OF THE KORN SHELL LANGUAGE
			-- Plot the parabolic Fn (X^2 + 4x - 5)  from x=-7 to x=5, scaling the X axis * 40 and the y axis * 10
			set lstData to my DataPoints("pow(x,2)+(4*x)-5", "x", -7, 5, pPoints)
			make new line with properties {point list:my MapList(lstData, plstOrigin, {40, 10})} & recDataStyle1
			
			set lstData to my DataPoints("sin(x)", "x", -pi, pi, pPoints)
			make new line with properties {point list:my MapList(lstData, plstOrigin, {100, 200})} & recDataStyle1
			
			set lstData to my DataPoints("sinh(x)", "x", -4, 4, pPoints)
			make new line with properties {point list:my MapList(lstData, plstOrigin, {100, 15})} & recDataStyle1
			
			set lstData to my DataPoints("tanh(x)", "x", -4, 4, pPoints)
			make new line with properties {point list:my MapList(lstData, plstOrigin, {100, 200})} & recDataStyle1
			
			set lstData to my DataPoints("2*sin(x)+x", "x", -5 * pi, 5 * pi, pPoints)
			make new line with properties {point list:my MapList(lstData, plstOrigin, {20, 20})} & recDataStyle2
			
			if pblnData2Clipboard then
				set strClip to ""
				set {dlm, my text item delimiters} to {my text item delimiters, tab}
				repeat with i from 1 to length of lstData
					set strClip to (strClip & (item i of lstData) as string) & return
				end repeat
				set the clipboard to strClip
				set my text item delimiters to dlm
			end if
		end tell
	end tell
end run

-- Call a function to generate a number of plot points between xMin and xMax
-- KORN SHELL MATH EXPRESSION, THE VARIABLE TO BE PLOTTED (usually "x"), the range, and the number of plot points
on DataPoints(strExpr, strVar, xMin, xMax, lngPlotPoints)
	set rDelta to 0
	if lngPlotPoints > 1 then set rDelta to (xMax - xMin) / (lngPlotPoints - 1)
	set x to xMin
	set strCmd to "echo 'echo "
	set lst to {}
	repeat with i from 1 to lngPlotPoints
		set end of lst to x
		set strCmd to strCmd & "$((" & Replace(strExpr, strVar, x as string) & ")) "
		set x to x + rDelta
	end repeat
	set strCmd to strCmd & "'  | ksh"
	set my text item delimiters to space
	set lstData to text items of (do shell script strCmd)
	set lstPoints to {}
	repeat with i from 1 to lngPlotPoints
		set strVar to item i of lstData
		if strVar is not in {"nan", "inf"} then set end of lstPoints to {item i of lst, strVar as number}
	end repeat
	lstPoints
end DataPoints

-- Translate and scale the plot points into Canvas coordinates
on MapList(lstData, lstOrigin, {rXScale, rYScale})
	set lst to contents of lstData
	set {oX, oY} to lstOrigin
	repeat with i from 1 to length of lst
		set {nX, nY} to item i of lst
		set item i of lst to {oX + (nX * rXScale), oY - (nY * rYScale)}
	end repeat
	lst
end MapList

on Replace(str, strFind, strReplace)
	set {dlm, my text item delimiters} to {my text item delimiters, strFind}
	set lstParts to text items of str
	set my text item delimiters to strReplace
	set str to lstParts as string
	set my text item delimiters to dlm
	str
end Replace

Last edited by RobTrew; 2011-11-11 at 04:37 AM.. Reason: Ver 0.8 Plots more complex Korn shell expressions & puts data in clipboard - does not choke on Inf and NaN
 
One could also send a feedback message to Omni: ask for the capability to export curves from OmniGraphSketcher to OmniGraffle.
 
Exchanging data with Sketcher does sound like a good approach.
(A pity that it doesn't give direct access to a language for mathematical expressions).

FWIW I've amended the code above to allow OmniGraffle to plot more complex Korn shell expressions like:
2*sin(x)+x
or
pow(x,2)+(4*x)-5
over a specified range of x.



(It's also a bit faster now, and puts the data into the clipboard, from where, incidentally, it could be pasted straight into OmniGraphSketcher ...)

--

Last edited by RobTrew; 2011-11-14 at 06:03 AM..
 
Edited (above) to properly handle Inf and NaN results of the evaluation of an expression (infinities and numerically undefined).
 
 


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